Friday, June 10, 2016

Puerto Rico Terrorism

Puerto Rico Terrorism --- ===


*Reference

wikipedia: Independence movement in Puerto Rico

For some 30 years, the Soviet Union, the Communist Party, U.S.A.(CPUSA), Cuba and U.S. Castroite revolutionaries have supported terrorism and violence as a tactic in the campaign to force the United States to abandon the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the keystone to U.S. southern defense.During the 1970s, the so-called “independence” campaign escalated, accompanied by the formation of terrorist groups including the Armed Commandos of Liberation (CAL), the Armed Revolutionary Independence Movement (MIRA), the Armed Forces of National Liberation (FALN) and several groups that have worked in cooperation with the FALN but are based in Puerto Rico, the Machete-Wielders or Boricua Popular Army (EPB), Armed Forces of Popular Resistance (FARP) and Organization of Volunteers for the Puerto Rican Revolution (OVRP).
In 1973 FBI Director Clarence Kelley reported that 135 Puerto Rican revolutionaries had already received training in Cuba.

Ties to communist left which openly backs, if not controls the movement:
Workers' Socialist Movement supports a socialist and independent Puerto Rico.
Communist Party, USA: Resolution on Puerto Rico -...
Communist Party, USA: Resolution on Puerto ... for the release of pro-independence PuertoRican ... Socialist International to Communist parties have and continue ...
Left-wing political parties - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Puerto Rico – Puerto Rican Independence Party;
Resolutions and Speeches. 1st Congress.Puerto Rican Revolutionary Workers Organization ... www.marxists.org LONG LIVE A FREE AND SOCIALIST PUERTO RICO, SOLIDARITY WITH RUSSIAN-BACKED VIETNAM INDOCHIHA.
Puerto Rican Communist Party - Wikipedia  Never gained a large base of support, in part because of the existence of other left-wing parties such as the PPD, Puerto Rican Socialist Party and the Puerto Rican Independence Party. The party finally disbanded in 1991
Communist Party of Puerto Rico Founded - MLToday   Puerto Rico once again has a Communist ... Communist Party of Puerto Rico
National Lawyers Guild and its Terrorist Network -... ... the Soviet Union, the Communist ... in Solidarity with Puerto Rican Independence ... on Weather Underground foreign contacts noted that NLG ...For some 30 years, the Soviet Union, the Communist Party, U.S.A.(CPUSA), Cuba and U.S. Castroite revolutionaries have supported terrorism and violence as a tactic in the campaign to force the United States to abandon the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the keystone to U.S. southern defense.During the 1970s, the so-called “independence” campaign escalated, accompanied by the formation of terrorist groups including the Armed Commandos of Liberation (CAL), the Armed Revolutionary Independence Movement (MIRA), the Armed Forces of National Liberation (FALN) and several groups that have worked in cooperation with the FALN but are basedin Puerto Rico, the Machete-Wielders or Boricua Popular Army (EPB), Armed Forces of Popular Resistance (FARP) and Organization of Volunteers for the Puerto Rican Revolution (OVRP).
In 1973 FBI Director Clarence Kelley reported that 135 Puerto Rican revolutionaries had already received training in Cuba.

Time for a New Puerto Rican Independence Movement
panampost.com/frank-worley-lopez/2014/03/05/time...
... Caribbean communist regimes. Those who represent Puerto Rican independence provide a vision that is a mirror ... Time for a New Puerto Rican Independence ...

*Timeline

1511: Taíno rebellion of 1511 led by Agüeybaná II. In this revolt, Agüeybaná II, the most powerful cacique at the time, together with Urayoán, cacique of Añasco, organized a revolt in 1511 against the Spaniards in the southern and western parts of the island. He was joined byGuarionex, cacique of Utuado, who attacked the village of Sotomayor (present-day Aguada) and killed 80 Spanish colonists.[3] Juan Ponce de León led the Spaniards in a series of offensives that culminated in the Battle of Yagüecas.[4] Agüeybaná II's people, who were armed only with spears, bows, and arrows, were no match for the guns of the Spanish forces, and Agüeybaná II was shot and killed in the battle.[5] The revolt ultimately failed, and many Taíno either committed suicide or fled the island.[6][7]

1897: March 24, 1897, Velez and his men marched towards Yauco, planning to attack the barracks of the Spanish Civil Guard, to gain control of their arms and ammunition. At arrival, they were ambushed by Spanish forces. When a firefight broke out, the rebels quickly retreated. On March 26, a group headed by Jose Nicolas Quiñones Torres and Ramon Torres fought Spanish colonial forces (mostly island men) in a barrio called Quebradas of Yauco, but were overcome.[16] The government arrested more than 150 rebels, charged them with various crimes against the state, and sent them to prison in the City of Ponce.[17] These attacks became known as the Intentona de Yauco (Attempted Coup of Yauco). It was the first time that the flag of Puerto Rico was flown on the island.[18][19]

October 24, 1935, a confrontation with police at University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras campus, killed four Puerto Rican Nationalist Party supporters and one policeman. The event came to be known as the Río Piedras massacre.

February 23, 1936, Colonel Elisha Francis Riggs, formerly of the US Army and the highest police officer in the island, was assassinated in retaliation for the Río Piedras events by Nationalists Hiram Rosado and Elías Beauchamp. Rosado and Beauchamp were arrested, and summarily executed without a trial at the police headquarters in San Juan.[44]

March 21, 1937, a march in Ponce by the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party, organized to commemorate the ending of slavery in Puerto Rico, resulted in the deaths of 17 unarmed citizens and 2 policemen at the hands of the territorial police, an event known as the Ponce massacre.

July 25, 1938, shots were fired at the US colonial governor, Blanton Winship during a parade; they killed Police Colonel Luis Irizarry. Soon afterward, two Nationalist partisans attempted to assassinate Robert Cooper, judge of the Federal Court in Puerto Rico. Winship tried to suppress the Nationalists.

November 1, 1950: US President, Harry S. Truman assassination plot. Two Puerto Rican Nationalists, who were living in New York City at the time, planned to assassinate the US President, Harry S. Truman. On November 1, 1950, they attacked police and Secret Service to gain access to Blair House in Washington, D.C., where Truman was staying during major renovations of the White House. One Nationalist, Griselio Torresola, was killed in the attack, as was a White House police officer, Leslie Coffelt. The other, Oscar Collazo, was tried and convicted, and sentenced to prison. Griselio Torresola - Wikipedia Griselio Torresola (1925 – November 1, 1950) born in Jayuya, Puerto Rico, was one of two Puerto Rican nationalists from New York City who attempted to assassinate ...  two men took the train from New York south to Washington, DC. On November 1, 1950, they approached Blair House. Torresola walked up Pennsylvania Avenue from the west side while his partner, Oscar Collazo, engaged Secret Service special agents and White House policemen from the east. Torresola approached a guard booth at the west corner of the Blair house, and noted an officer, sitting inside. Torresola quickly fired four shots from his 9 mm German Luger, semi-automatic pistol at close range at Leslie Coffelt. Three of the shots struck Coffelt in the chest and abdomen, and the fourth went through his policeman's tunic. Coffelt slumped down in his chair, mortally wounded.[2][3]  Torresola saw that a plainclothes White House policeman had turned back toward him. Torresola shot him in the hip before he could draw his weapon, and twice more. Joseph Downs reached the basement door and went through, locking it to prevent Torresola from entering. The latter turned to a firefight between Collazo and several law enforcement men. officers. Torresola shot District of Columbia policeman Donald Birdzell in the left knee from a distance of approximately 40 feet, preventing him from shooting Collazo.[3][4]   Standing to the left of the Blair House steps as he reloaded, Torresalo was only 30 feet from President Truman, who had awakened by the gunfire and looked outside. Agents yelled at him to get away from the window. The dying officer Coffelt struggled outside the guard booth and shot Torresola in the head, killing him instantly.  Coffelt died of his three bullet wounds several hours later. The overall gunfight lasted less than 40 seconds. Torresola was survived by his wife and two children.[3][4] Oscar Collazo survived his wound, was convicted at trial of murder, and sentenced to death. President Truman commuted his sentence to life. After serving 27 years in Leavenworth Federal Prison in Kansas, Collazo had his sentence commuted to time served by President Jimmy Carter.Oscar Collazo and Griselio Torresola, two Marxists (= pro-russian) tried killing President Truman at the Blair House; (The Debt We Owe)   Yet Another Democrat Tries To Assassinate An American President  politicaloutcast.com   Oscar Collazo and Griselio Torresola, two Marxists, tried killing President Truman at the Blair House Tobytoons: Left wing assassins:  President: Harry S Truman (D) Would-be assassin: Oscar Collazo and Griselio Torresola Political identity and motive: Oscar Collazo and Griselio Torresola were members of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party. Puerto Rican Nationalists, represented by Marxist terrorist groups such as FALN, who were responsible for scores of bombings in the U.S.; they were arguably the most active terrorist group in U.S. history. (Interesting side notes: President Carter freed Collazo in 1979, and President Clinton pardoned several FALN terrorists. Il n'y a aucun ennemi du cote gauche?)

October 30, 1950, Torresola's brother and sister participated in the Jayuya Uprising, part of insurgent efforts across Puerto Rico by Nationalists. They attacked police headquarters and other facilities.[1] The island government declared martial law and attacked the town with U.S. P-47 Thunderbolt bomber planes, land-based artillery, mortar fire, grenades, and the Puerto Rican National Guard. The planes machine-gunned nearly every rooftop in the town. The Nationalists held the town for two days; after they were overcome, the government made mass arrests.