Wednesday, February 15, 2017

Pedestrian Crash Race Ethnicity Bias

Pedestrian Crash Race Ethnicity Bias --- ===


Do Drivers Discriminate Against Minorities at Crosswalks ...
www.citylab.com/commute/2014/05/do-drivers-discriminate-against...
Do Drivers Discriminate Against Minorities at Crosswalks? ... the wide disparity in pedestrian fatality rates among ... look specifically at racial bias.

Racial bias in driver yielding behavior at crosswalks
www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1369847815000923
Racial bias in driver yielding ... the pedestrian fatality rates in the United ... The role of racial bias in drivers’ behavior toward other road users ...

Published in:
Transportation Research Part F-traffic Psychology and Behaviour · 2015
Authors:
Tara Goddard · Kimberly Barsamian Kahn · Arlie Adkins
About:
Human factors and ergonomics · Yield · Discrimination · Suicide prevention · Injury pr…

Racial Bias Extends to the Crosswalk – Association for ...
https://www.psychologicalscience.org/news/motr/racial-bias-extends...
... the pedestrian fatality ... the findings suggest that whether a driver yields to a pedestrian may largely depend on a pedestrian’s race. ... Racial Bias in ...

Examining racial bias as a potential factor in pedestrian ...
www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S000145751630361X
... pedestrian crash rates have been ... The purpose of this study was to examine the potential for racial bias in driver yielding behaviors at midblock ...

Racial Bias in Driver Yielding Behavior at Crosswalks ...
www.infrastructureusa.org/racial-bias-in-driver-yielding-behavior...
... the pedestrian fatality ... 1.1 The role of social identity characteristics in driver-pedestrian ... Racial Bias in Driver Yielding Behavior at Crosswalks ...
[PDF]

Racial Bias in Driver Yielding Behavior at Crosswalks
pdxscholar.library.pdx.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1009&...
Racial Bias in Driver Yielding Behavior at Crosswalks ... the pedestrian fatality rates for Black ... Understanding driver-pedestrian interactions at crosswalks is ...

Published in:
Transportation Research Part F-traffic Psychology and Behaviour · 2015
Authors:
Tara Goddard · Kimberly Barsamian Kahn · Arlie Adkins
About:
Human factors and ergonomics · Yield · Discrimination · Suicide prevention · Injury pr…

Drivers Show Signs Of Racial Bias At Crosswalks, Initial ...
www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/drivers-racial-bias_us_56200ce4e4b08d...
Oct 17, 2015 · Does the race of a pedestrian determine whether a driver will ... "Drivers were clearly displaying behaviors consistent with implicit racial bias," study ...joint preliminary study by researchers at the University of Arizona and Portland State University suggests that it is. The study — which, it should be noted, had an extremely small sample size and was based in one city — found that African-Americans had to wait in a crosswalk about 32 percent longer than white people before drivers stopped. The research also suggests that African-Americans are twice as likely to be passed by multiple vehicles.  The findings, co-authored by a University of Arizona transportation planning expert and two Portland State University students, were published in August in Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behavior. The researchers trained six participants — three white, three black — and had them stand at a crosswalk in downtown Portland, Oregon. Then researchers observed 88 trials,
[PDF]
National Pedestrian Crash Report
https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/810968
Figure 4-3: Distribution of Pedestrian Fatalities by Race ... Distribution of Pedestrian BAC and Driver BAC in Fatal Pedestrian Crashes -----32. NHTSA’s ...

Portland drivers 'clearly' show racial bias at crosswalks ...
www.oregonlive.com/commuting/index.ssf/2014/05/portland_drivers...
May 21, 2014 · Portland drivers 'clearly' show racial bias at crosswalks, ... pedestrian_crossing_racial_bias.jpg. ... Racial bias doesn't stop with education, ...Racial bias doesn't stop with education, employment, health care and criminal sentencing. It's also prevalent at crosswalks in Portland, according to a new study of traffic psychology.  Conducted in downtown Portland, the joint Portland State University and University of Arizona study found that twice as many drivers failed to yield for black pedestrians than those who were white. Meanwhile, black pedestrians typically had to wait a third longer for cars to stop for them when they had the legal right of way.  With fewer motorists yielding for them, minorities are more likely to take greater risks to cross the street

Motor vehicle crash fatalities by race/ethnicity in ...
injuryprevention.bmj.com › ArchiveVolume 9, Issue 3
High rates of pedestrian fatality occur in men in ... did differ by driver race ... To the extent that a race/ethnic group is subject to bias or police ...